Solar Mission Aditya L1: After the success of Chandrayaan-3 mission, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) will now go on a journey to the Sun on September 2, 2023, to gather information about the Sun. This is India’s first solar mission. India’s first solar mission Aditya-L1 will be launched from Sriharikota on 2 September 2023 at 11:50 am IST.
Aditya-L1 has been prepared for the observation (observation) of the outermost layer of the Sun. L1 will travel through the Lagrange point to the Sun located at a distance of about 1.5 million kilometers from the Earth. ‘Lagrange point’ There are places in space where the gravitational forces of the Sun and the Earth generate a field of attraction and repulsion. According to NASA, they can be used to reduce the fuel consumption needed to keep the spacecraft in a fixed position.
Which rocket will travel by Aditya-L1?
Aditya-L1 mission was launched on ISRO’s PSLV-XL rocket from Satish Dhawan Space Center SHAR (SDSC-SHAR) Sriharikota Will be done. Initially the spacecraft will be placed in the lower orbit of the earth, after which this orbit will be made capable of being taken out of the orbit of the earth in several rounds, then it will be launched towards the Lagrange point (L1) using the onboard ignition in the spacecraft. will.
How much it cost to make Aditya L1
ISRO is spending Rs 400 crores on this mission to calm the curiosity of human mind about Sun and its existence, whereas if this But talking about the time taken, work is going on to make Aditya L1 from December 2019, which will be completed only after its launch.
The goal of the Aditya-L1 mission is to study the Sun from an orbit near L1. This mission will carry seven payloads, which will help in research on the photosphere (photosphere), chromosphere (just above the visible surface of the Sun) and the Sun’s outermost layer (corona) in different wave bands.
What will L1 research about?
According to ISRO, in the L1 research mission, Aditya 1 will find out how the temperature of the corona (outer surface of the Sun) can reach about one million degrees. , while the temperature of the Sun’s surface remains slightly above 6000 degree centigrade.
Aditya-L1 can observe the corona using the UV payload and the flares on the solar chromosphere using the X-ray payload. The particle detector and magnetometer payload can provide information about the magnetic field reaching the orbiting halo around the charged particles and L1.