Parliament Special Session 2023: A meeting of the Union Cabinet was called on Monday (September 18) evening amid the special session of Parliament. According to sources, in the meeting, approval will be given to move the Parliament session from the old building to the new Parliament building from Tuesday (September 19). With this, the work of Parliament House will start in the new building from tomorrow itself.
However, many questions are arising in the minds of many people regarding the new Parliament building such as what is the need for a new Parliament, who built it and what is its specialty? If you also want to know about the new building of Parliament House, then today we are going to give you every information related to it.
First Parliament of Independent India
There is no doubt that the building of the Old Parliament House is very magnificent. The strength of the Indian democratic system is reflected in this. The Parliament House witnessed everything from colonial rule to the Indian independence struggle. The old building is the first Parliament of independent India and it is where India adopted its Constitution.
Parliament built in 6 years
The old Parliament House of India is a colonial era building. It was designed by British architects Sir Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. It took six years to construct it. Its construction work started in 1921 and continued till 1927.
Construction of Parliament Museum in Parliament House
It was originally called Council House. Was. This building also housed the Imperial Legislative Council. In 1956, when the need for more space was felt in the Parliament House, two more floors were added to it. The Parliament Museum was added to showcase India’s 2,500-year-old democratic heritage. It was modified to a great extent to make it modern.
Blueprint for the Council House
After initial discussions about the shape of the building, a circular shape was finalized by Herbert Baker and Sir Edwin Lutyens. It is believed that its design was inspired by the design of Chausath Yogini Temple located in Morena, Madhya Pradesh, although there is no evidence for this.
Why is there a need for a new Parliament building?
The old Parliament building is about 100 years old. In such a situation, in the last few years, parliamentary activities, people working in them and the number of visitors have increased manifold. Besides, there is also lack of space in it. Apart from this, things like sewer lines, air conditioning, fire fighting, CCTV, audio video system were not taken care of. Besides, it also lacks the necessary technology as per today’s time.
Less space for MPs in the old building
The old building was not designed to accommodate both the Houses. Based on the delimitation done on the basis of 1971 census, the number of seats in the Lok Sabha is 545 and no change has been made in it. At the same time, it is likely to increase after 2026, because the restriction on the total number of seats is only till 2026. The seating arrangement for MPs in this is narrow and cumbersome. Its central hall has a seating capacity of only 440 people. The problem of seats increases when joint sessions are held.
Design of the new building
The design of the new Parliament building has been made triangular. It reflects the aspirations of 135 crore Indians of the country. It has been built in 65 thousand square meters. A Lok Sabha hall with a capacity of up to 888 seats has been built in the new building. Besides, Rajya Sabha hall has been built to seat 384 members. 1,272 people can sit in the Lok Sabha during a joint session of Parliament.
On which theme has the Parliament House been built?
The Lok Sabha Hall has been designed on the theme of a peacock, while the Rajya Sabha Hall has been designed on the theme of a lotus, which is the national flower of India. Is a symbol.
Apart from this, a state-of-the-art Constitutional Hall has also been constructed in the Parliament. It symbolically and physically depicts the position of Indian citizens in the democratic process. State-of-the-art offices equipped with the latest communication technology have been built in the building.
Advance Committee Room
Large committee rooms have been built in the new Parliament House. State-of-the-art audio-visual devices have been installed in these. It provides a better library experience. Its platinum-rated green building design reflects India’s commitment to the environment.
Apart from this, the new Parliament House will represent Indian heritage. It captures the vibrancy and diversity of modern India, including cultural and regional arts and crafts. Disabled people will be able to move freely within the premises of the new building. At the same time, an open court has been made in its central lounge, where members of Parliament will be able to talk to each other.