Parliament Special Session: Modi government called a special session of Parliament, know when this session was called in the country?

Parliament Special Session 2023: Modi government is organizing a special session of Parliament from 18 September 2023. This session will continue till 22 September. On Wednesday (13 September 2023), the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs had issued a notification in which it had put the agenda of the Parliament before the country. In this special session, the government will discuss completion of 75 years of independence, G20, Chandrayaan including completion of 75 years of independence.

People have many questions in their minds regarding the special session of Parliament, such as why is this special session called? What is the reason behind this? When and why were special sessions of Parliament called before in the country? We will give you complete information about it.

What is the process of calling a special session?
The structure of Parliament consists of the President. According to our Constitution, the President of India is the constitutional head of this country and an important component of the Parliament. It is also interesting to mention here that despite being an important component of the Parliament, the President does not participate in the discussion. Article 85 (1) of the Constitution gives the right to convene a Parliament session.

After the advice of the Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs of the Government and then a formal request, the President of India gives its approval. In our country, there is no fixed parliamentary calendar for calling the session of Parliament, but according to tradition, the government organizes three sessions. Which includes the budget session, monsoon session and winter session.

The Constitution does not have a parliamentary calendar.
There is no parliamentary calendar in our country regarding calling the session of Parliament. There is no calendar. A committee was definitely formed in independent India in 1955. This committee had proposed that the budget session be held from 1 February to 7 May, the monsoon session from 15 July to 15 September and the winter session from 5 November (or the fourth day of Diwali, whichever is later). However, no one ever paid attention to this proposal.

However, it is said in the Constitution that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament. Therefore, if we see, the session of Parliament is called thrice in India. 

When has a special session of Parliament been called?
Anywhere in the Constitution the word There is no mention of a ‘special session’ but it usually gives the government the power to summon all the MPs of the country by order of the President in situations related to important legislative and national events. Also, Question Hour can be removed in this session. So far seven special sessions of Parliament have been called in this country. 

First session: In 1977, two special sessions of Parliament were called in February to extend the period of President’s rule in Tamil Nadu and Nagaland. A special session of the Rajya Sabha was held for two days. 

Second Session: In 1991, a two-day special session (158th session) was held in June to approve President’s rule in Haryana. ) was held. 

Third Session: A special session of Parliament was held in 1992 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Quit India Movement.  p>

Fourth Session: A special session of Parliament was held on 26 September 1997 to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of India’s Independence. 

< strong>Fifth session:In 2008, left organizations had withdrawn their support from the Manmohan Singh-led Congress government. After which, in July, the government had called a special session of the Lok Sabha to prove its majority.

Sixth session: On 26 November 2015, to celebrate the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. BR Ambedkar. A special session was organized by the Modi government. 

Seventh session: BJP organized a special session of Parliament at midnight to reform the indirect tax (GST). Had gone. 

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