‘Mughals weakened India…’, amid Assam CM’s statement, know what was the GDP at that time

Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma, while addressing a meeting in Belagavi, Karnataka, has called Congress the new Mughal. He said that whenever it comes to the construction of Ram temple, the Congress party faces a problem. Himanta Biswa Sarma said, ‘At one time the rulers of Delhi used to talk about demolishing temples, but today I am talking about building temples under PM Modi’s rule. This is new India’.

Congress is working to weaken this new India.  Congress is the new Mughal, so whenever Ram Mandir is built, it faces problems. Biswa Sarma also said that Congress is looting the country like Mughal. 

Mughal rule in India 

Mughal in India The foundation of the empire took place after the attack of Babur. Babur had invaded India at the behest of Daulat Khan Lodi. In 1526 AD, Babur defeated Ibrahim Khan Lodi’s forces in the Battle of Panipat and conquered Delhi.  

Most of the Mughals at that time appointed Rajput Indian rulers to high positions. Recall that the Kachhwaha Rajputs of Amer were usually appointed to the highest military positions in the Mughal army. In this way, the Mughal rulers established a trust between the Indian sepoys and the Rajputs.

What was the GDP of the country during the rule of the Mughals

In the year 1600 India’s gross domestic product (GDP) was 22 percent of the world’s economy, which was the second largest economy in the world. By 1700, Mughal India’s GDP had grown to 24 percent of the world’s economy, becoming the largest economy in the world.

Francois Bernier, a French traveler who visited India in the 17th century, wrote, ‘Gold and silver were imported from India in every quarter of the world. At that time, Sher Shah and the Mughals developed roads, river transport, sea routes, and many ports.  

Many international tolls and taxes were abolished in this period to promote business. Indian handicrafts were developed. At that time things like cotton cloth, spices, indigo, woolen and silk cloth, salt were exported from India only. 

During that time the big businessmen in the country were Hindus. Muslims held major administrative and military posts. Akbar’s administration had created an efficient system of trade and commerce. Who demanded trade concessions from the Mughal Empire from the East India Company.  

By the 18th century, the Mughal Empire was producing about 25 percent of the world’s industrial output. At that time India’s GDP  was the highest compared to the last 1,500 years. At the end of the 18th century, the country’s GDP became equal to that of Western Europe. 

It is clear from this that the Mughals did not take India’s money, but made money in the country and by investing in the country’s infrastructure, the economy grew. Made improvements. The most striking examples of this are the numerous tourist sites built during the Mughal period.

According to a 2014 Press Information Bureau press release, the Taj Mahal’s annual ticket sales exceed Rs 21 crore. The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. While the Qutub Minar has an annual ticket sale of more than Rs 10 crore, the Red Fort and Humayun’s Tomb earn about Rs 6 crore every year from ticket sales.

In all, Indo-Islamic architecture He was born in the Mughal period only, which is still the pride of India. During the period of the Mughals, a large scale investment was made in the local arts and crafts. During the Mughal period, Hindu mansabdars and traders built temples and dharamshalas in many cities. This includes many temples and dharamshalas in Banaras. 

Historian Shirin Moosvi told News 9 Live that at the end of the 16th century  The urban labor force was 18 percent and the rural labor force  was 82 percent. According to him, in the 16th and 17th centuries, the wages of grain laborers in India were equal to those of England.  Moosvi also said that compared to British India  The per capita income on wheat in Mughal India was 1.24 percent higher. In the Mughal period  Generally very soft attitude was adopted towards the workers,  This is because manual labor has been given a high status in many Islamic books. 

Cultivation in Mughal India 

Mughal rulers in India He paid special attention to agriculture. Farmers were ordered to grow many types of crops for the markets. It was due to this that farmers used to grow many valuable crops including cotton, silk and black pepper and huge amount was earned from exports.  During this period different varieties of crops like barley, gram, pulses, rice and wheat were produced. 

Cultivation of valuable crops like indigo, oilseeds, cotton and sugarcane was also started during the Mughal period itself. Went. During the 17th century, two new crops, tobacco and maize, were introduced. The Mughal rulers funded irrigation systems throughout their empire. Due to which the yield of crops increased and the revenue of the country increased.  

Mughal emperor Akbar had introduced a new land revenue system named ‘Zabat’, under which the Mughals cultivated plow Cadastral survey was done to assess different areas of land under Experts believe that Mughal agriculture was advanced in many ways from European agriculture at that time. 

Bengali farmers learned the techniques of mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing during the Mughal period itself. With this, Bengal established itself as a major silk producing region of the world. This benefited the Indian textile industry. Food prices came down as agricultural productivity increased. 

India supplied 95 percent of British imports

By 1750, India was the world’s Produced about 25 percent of industrial production. Large industries such as textiles, shipbuilding and steel were playing an important role in the country’s GDP. At that time the products of Mughal India were in great demand in Europe, especially cotton cloth, as well as spices, peppers, indigo, silk and saltpetre.

From the late 17th to the early 18th century Mughal India accounted for 95 percent of British imports from all over Asia. At that time the demand for European goods had reduced a lot. Indian goods started being imported to countries like Indonesia and Japan. 

Both Akbar and Jahangir led the development of foreign maritime trade. Emperor Akbar himself handled the commercial activities.  To promote trade, the Mughals adopted a policy of welcoming foreign traders, they also provided adequate security for their transactions, customs duties were also imposed less. 

Gold-silver Mughals used to take payment in gold

Indian traders were ordered to take payment in gold or silver in return for their goods. It is obvious that in England and the rest of Europe it was not the practice to pay in gold or silver. But they were so eager to get foreign goods from India that they accepted the demands of the traders. 

In the 18th century, Emperor Akbar  Took steps towards promoting indigenous industry. In this connection, Akbar directly handled silk weaving in Lahore, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri and Gujarat. Akbar opened a large number of factories at several centres, bringing master weavers from Persia, Kashmir and Turkistan. 

Akbar often visited the workshops near the palace to watch the artisans at work. This not only boosted the morale of artisans and weavers, but also their work was closely scrutinized.  A large number of shawl factories were built in Lahore following the orders of Akbar. 

The Mughals also improved the road infrastructure

The Mughals He also improved the road construction system during his tenure. This system contributed significantly to the country’s economic infrastructure.  In this direction, the Mughals established a Public Works Department, which played a special role in the design, construction and maintenance of roads connecting towns and cities, thereby promoting trade with other countries. 

The current situation of GDP in the country 

This report of GHI gives an idea of ​​the situation of hunger and malnutrition in different countries of the world. The thing to note on the GDP front of India is that despite the progress, India is backward on many social parameters and this is proof that the progress of a country cannot be assessed by GDP figures alone.&nbsp ;

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